Islamabad, February 27, 2013
Gilani Research Foundation and Gallup Pakistan recently participated in a Global Poll coordinated by Globescan on environmental concerns of different nations; the results show that Pakistanis say the most pressing environmental challenge they have to face is acute shortage of fresh water (68%). 55% said automobile emissions, 46% said water pollution in rivers, lakes and oceans, 40% said loss of animal and plant species, 38% said depletion of natural resources, e.g. forests, farmlands & fish, 37% said air pollution in general and 36% said climate change or global warming due to Greenhouse Effect.
Question: “What do you think are the most serious environmental problems facing Pakistan?”
Source: Gallup and Gilani Surveys
the Pakistani affiliate of Gallup International Association
The global findings are drawn from the GlobeScan Radar annual tracking poll of citizens across 22 countries. A total of 22,812 people were interviewed face-to-face or by telephone during the second half of 2012. Twelve of these countries have been regularly polled on environmental issues since 1992. Asked how serious they consider each of six environmental problems to be—air pollution, water pollution, species loss, automobile emissions, fresh water shortages, and climate change—fewer people now consider them “very serious” than at any time since tracking began twenty years ago.
Climate change is the only exception, where concern was lower from 1998 to 2003 than it is now. Concern about air and water pollution, as well as biodiversity, is significantly below where it was even in the 1990s. Many of the sharpest falls have taken place in the past two years. The perceived seriousness of climate change has fallen particularly sharply since the unsuccessful UN Climate Summit in Copenhagen in December 2009. Climate concern dropped first in industrialized countries, but this year’s figures show that concern has now fallen in major developing economies such as Brazil and China as well.
Comparison of changing attitudes towards Environmental Concerns
The study was released by Gilani foundation and carried out by Gallup Pakistan, the Pakistani affiliate of Gallup International. The recent survey was carried out among a sample of 2693 men and women in rural and urban areas of all four provinces of the country, during April 01, 2012 – April 08, 2012. Error margin is estimated to be approximately ± 2-3 per cent at 95% confidence level.